The pawpaw is the largest edible fruit that is native to the United States. Pawpaw is indigenous to 26 states in the U.S., in a range extending from northern Florida to southern Ontario and as far west as eastern Nebraska. They have provided delicious and nutritious food for Native Americans, European explorers and settlers, and wild animals. They are still being enjoyed in modern world today chiefly in rural areas. So, i will be sharing in this post vital nutritional values of pawpaw and why you should eat it regularly.
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Most enthusiasts agree that the best way to enjoy pawpaw is to eat them r aw, outdoors, picked from the tree when they are perfectly ripe. But there are also numerous ways to use them in the kitchen and extend the enjoyment of their tropical flavor beyond the end of the harvest season.
The unique flavor of the fruit resembles a blend of various tropical flavors, including banana, pineapple, and mango. The flavor and custard-like texture make pawpaw a good substitute for bananas in almost any recipe. The common names, ‘poor man’s banana,’ ‘American custard apple,’ and ‘Kentucky banana’ reflect these qualities.
Pawpaw’s beautiful, maroon colored flowers appear in the spring, and the clusters of fruit ripen in the fall. The Kentucky harvest season is from late August to mid-October. Ripe pawpaw fruits are easily picked, yielding to a gentle tug. Shaking the tree will make them fall off. (If you try this, don’t stand under the fruit clusters, and don’t say we didn’t warn you.) Ripeness can also be gauged by squeezing gently, as you would judge a peach. The flesh should be soft, and the fruit should have a strong, pleasant aroma. The skin color of ripe fruit on the tree ranges from green to yellow, and dark flecks may appear, as on bananas. The skin of picked or fallen fruit may darken to brown or black.
Fully ripe pawpaw last only a few days at room temperature, but may be kept for a week in the refrigerator. If fruit is refrigerated before it is fully ripe, it can be kept for up to three weeks, and can then be allowed to finish ripening at room temperature. Ripe pawpaw flesh, with skin and seeds removed, can be pureed and frozen for later use. Some people even freeze whole fruits.
Pawpaw is a very nutritious fruits. They are high in vitamin C, magnesium, iron, copper, and manganese. They are a good source of potassium and several essential amino acids, and they also contain significant amounts of riboflavin, niacin, calcium, phosphorus, and zinc. Pawpaw contains these nutrients in amounts that are generally about the same as or greater than those found in bananas, apples, or oranges.
Nutritional Values of Pawpaw:
In comparison with banana, apple, and orange, pawpaw have a higher protein and fat content. Banana exceeds pawpaw in food energy and carbohydrate content. There is little difference among these fruits in dietary fiber content. Pawpaw is most similar to banana in overall composition. Apple is especially low in protein, orange is low in fat, and both are lower than pawpaw or banana in food energy
Pawpaw has three times as much vitamin C as apple, twice as much as banana, and one third as much as orange. Pawpaw has six times as much riboflavin as apple, and twice as much as orange. Niacin content of pawpaw is twice as high as banana, fourteen times as high as apple, and four times as high as orange.
Pawpaw and banana are both high in potassium, having about twice as much as orange and three times as much as apple. Pawpaw has one and a half times calcium as orange and about ten times as much as banana or apple. Pawpaw has two to seven times as much phosphorus, four to twenty times as much magnesium, twenty to seventy times as much iron, five to twenty times as much zinc, five to twelve times as much copper, and and sixteen to one hundred times as much manganese, as do banana, apple, or orange.
The protein in pawpaw contains all of the essential amino acids. Pawpaw exceeds apple in all of the essential amino acids, and it exceeds or equals banana and orange in most of them.
The profile of fatty acids in pawpaw is preferable to that in banana. Pawpaw has 32% saturated, 40% monounsaturated, and 28% polyunsaturated fatty acids. Banana has 52% saturated, 15% monounsaturated, and 34% polyunsaturated fatty acids.
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Below are top 6 reasons why you should eat pawpaw:
Pawpaw is a very sweet and popular fruit. It is also known as papaya and it contains so many nutrients that make it one of the best and healthy fruits for the body. This fruit can be eaten at anytime of the day, but it is good to eat this fruit on an empty stomach as it gives so many health benefits to the body. Here are some of them.
1. Good for heart
Pawpaw contains fiber and vitamins that can prevent cardiovascular diseases. Pawpaw also reduces the oxidation of cholesterol in the arteries this will reduce the chances of a person developing heart attack or even stroke.
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2. Good for the skin
Pawpaw contains papain and antioxidants that can help to exfoliate the skin, moisturize it and even prevent wrinkles. It can also heals skin burns and prevent infections.
3. Aids digestion
Pawpaw contains papain that helps to break down food faster. It also contains high water content that helps to prevent constipation and other digestive issues.
4. Anti aging
Pawpaw contains alpha-hydroxy acid, an anti-aging agent that is very good for the skin. It also hydrates and increases the suppleness and elasticity of the skin thereby making it smooth and giving it a brighter glow.
5. Enhances weight loss
The papain in pawpaw boosts digestion and also prevents constipation. Since papain can improve digestion, fats and calories burn out fast and this aids weight loss.
6. Good for the eyes
Pawpaw contains nutrients like zeaxathin, vitamins C and E that can improve your vision and decrease the chance of macular degeneration that comes with ageing.
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